WHAT IS VIRAL CULTURE TEST?
Viruses are the tiniest known infectious agents and are composed of a single type of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or ribonucleic acid (RNA) surrounded by an envelope of protein (proteinaceous coat). Viruses are parasites in that they reproduce with the aid of the enzymes of their living host. Thus they will not grow on artificial (nonliving) media. Viruses must be inoculated onto special viral culture media consisting of growing cells. The availability of viral culture methodology allows the rapid diagnosis and treatment of viral illnesses, as well as pattern tracking for outbreaks of viral illnesses.