WHAT IS TRIGLYCERIDES TEST?
Also known as “fat,” triglyceride is a compound consisting of fatty acid or glycerol ester that constitutes a major part (up to 70%) of very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs) and a small part (<10%) of low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) in fasting serum samples. Dietary triglycerides are carried as part of chylomicrons through the lymphatic system and bloodstream to adipose tissue, where they are released for storage. Triglycerides are also synthesized in the liver from fatty acids and from protein and glucose above the body’s current needs and then stored in adipose tissue. They may be later retrieved and formed into glucose through gluconeogenesis when needed by the body. Triglyceride levels are taken into consideration with total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and chylomicron levels when categorizing a client’s serum into lipoprotein phenotypes that represent genetic lipoprotein abnormalities. Treatments differ for the different phenotypes.