WHAT IS TOXOPLASMOSIS SKIN TEST?
Toxoplasmosis is a systemic, parasitic disease caused by the protozoon T. gondii. It is transmitted to humans by ingestion of the undercooked meat of infected animals or often by the ingestion of oocysts acquired from handling cat litter containing contaminated cat faeces. It may also be transmitted to a fetus through the placenta of an infected mother. After ingestion, this parasite travels to various body tissues and is found grouped together in oocysts. Acquired toxoplasmosis often causes no symptoms in clients with intact immune systems. In immunosuppression, it may cause hyperpyrexia, lymphadenopathy, lymphocytosis, and, in some cases, encephalitis, pneumonitis, myocarditis, myositis, and possibly death. Fetal congenital toxoplasmosis can cause severe birth defects, including blindness, hydrocephalus, and mental retardation, and may lead to fetal or postnatal death.