WHAT IS NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE SMEAR TEST?
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a pyogenic, gram-negative, oxidase-positive cocci that are an obligate parasite of humans. N. gonorrhoeae inhabits the mucous membranes of the genital tract, causing gonorrhoea. Symptoms include dysuria, fever, pharyngitis, peripheral skin lesions, proctitis, and purulent urethral discharge. It may also cause inflammation of any of the mucous membranes of the body. Females are often asymptomatic. Left untreated, gonorrhoea leads to skin lesions, arthritis, meningitis, and reproductive problems. N. gonorrhoeae is most often found in the urethra of males and the endocervical canal of females. This test is performed using nucleic acid amplification, a method with improved sensitivity and higher cost than older methods. It is often performed in conjunction with testing for Chlamydia trachomatis, another sexually transmitted organism.