WHAT IS LAPAROSCOPY (PERITONEOSCOPY) TEST?
Direct inspection of the surfaces of the internal organs such as the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, fallopian tubes, ovaries, uterus, and lymph nodes by use of a fiberoptic telescope inserted transabdominally into the abdominal cavity. Diagnostic laparoscopy prevents unnecessary surgical laparotomies by providing direct visualization inside of the abdominal cavity with a minimally invasive procedure. Surgical procedures such as cholecystectomy, biopsy, or tubal ligation may be performed by means of laparoscopy. Use of electronic power morcellators is a newer method for removal of tissue that reduces the risk of postprocedure hernia by minimizing fascia damage but carries with it a higher risk for internal organ damage. Other advances in technology include 3-dimensional views and high-resolution digital images.