WHAT IS COLPOSCOPY TEST?
The visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a lighted colposcope that magnifies the mucosal surfaces. Colposcopy helps diagnose benign and preclinical cancerous lesions of the cervix and vagina. Attachments to the colposcope include a green filter (aids in detecting abnormalities of blood vessels in the cervix), teaching arm, or video camera. If an abnormal Pap smear has been previously obtained, the colposcopy may be performed with a loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP), in which a thin wire loop electrode is used to excise cervical tissue in the area of the abnormality for lesion removal and further examination.