Prozac

Prozac

Properties

This medicine contains fluoxetine as active ingredient, belonging to the psychoactive class of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). SSRIs, which are chemically unrelated to other antidepressant drugs, prevent the movement of the neurotransmitter serotonin into nerve endings. This forces serotonin to remain in the spaces surrounding the nerve endings, increasing its action. Abnormal serotonin function may be involved in depression, and the SSRIs are effective in treating the common symptoms of depression. For example, they can help improve mood and mental alertness, alleviate anxiety, and improve sleep patterns.

Prescribed for

The medicine is prescribed for:

•   Depression

•   Bulimic binge-eating and vomiting

•   Obsessive-compulsive disorder

•   Social anxiety

•   Generalized anxiety disorder

•   Panic disorder

•   Migraine

•   Posttraumatic stress disorder

Before using this medicine

Before you use this medicine check with your doctor, or  pharmacist:

•    if you ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any psychoactive drug;

•   if you are allergic to any medicines, foods or other substances;

•    if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant while using this medicine (animal studies have shown toxic effects to developing fetuses);

•   if you are breast-feeding an infant.

Treatment

•    This medication is used for treatment of certain types of mental depression, mood changes, and related psychological disorders.

•    Usual dosage: The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your doctor uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your doctor may prescribe a different regimen. Adults: 20-80 mg a day, taken in the morning. Seniors, people with kidney disease, and people taking  several different drugs may need a lower dose. Children (age 8-18): 10-60 mg a day.

•    Capsules should be swallowed with liquid or food to lessen stomach irritation. If you forget to take a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as you remember up to two hours late. If more than two hours, wait for the next scheduled dose;.

•   For safe and effective use of medicine:

•   Follow your doctor’s instructions if this medicine was prescribed.

•   Follow the manufacturer’s package directions if you are treating yourself.

Side Effects

Along with the needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Possible side effects include:

Rash, itchy skin

Headache

Nervousness

Increased sweating

Nausea

Insomnia

Anxiety

Joint pain

Muscle pain

Blurred vision

Nightmares

Sensory changes

Decreased sex drive

Dry mouth

Changes in heartbeat

Flushing

Tremors

Driving or Hazardous Work

Do not drive until you learn how the medicine affects you. Do not work around dangerous machinery. Do not climb ladders or work in high places. Danger increases if you drink alcohol or take medicines affecting alertness and reflexes.

Overdose

The following symptoms may be a sign of overdose:

Seizures

Agitation

Violent vomiting

•    Call a doctor or hospital emergency room for instructions. If necessary, give first aid immediately.

Interactions

The effect of this medicine may be increased by other antidepressants. Lithium, may increase the occurrence of side effects. Anticoagulants may cause an increase in anticoagulation. Alcohol will sometimes augment the depression. This medicine may cause the blood levels of several other drugs.

•    Be sure to tell your doctor about any medications (also over-the-counter drugs) you are currently taking.

Storage

Liquid and tablets should be stored at room temperature; store away from heat and direct light. Keep out of reach of children, since this medicine may be dangerous in  children.

KNOWLEDGE BASE
About Genomic Medicine UK

Genomic Medicine UK is the home of comprehensive genomic testing in London. Our consultant medical doctors work tirelessly to provide the highest standards of medical laboratory testing for personalised medical treatments, genomic risk assessments for common diseases and genomic risk assessment for cancers at an affordable cost for everybody. We use state-of-the-art modern technologies of next-generation sequencing and DNA chip microarray to provide all of our patients and partner doctors with a reliable, evidence-based, thorough and valuable medical service.

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