PERSONALISED LIP CANCER SCREENING CONSULTATION

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SERVICE DESCRIPTION

SERVICE DESCRIPTION

  1. 1
    WHAT IS THE CANCER OF THE LIP?

    Cancer of the lip occurs when cells on the lip, often the lower lip, become abnormal and grow out of control. This usually starts in very thin, flat cells that line the surface of the lip (squamous cells). Cancer cells can spread and form a mass of cells called a tumour. The cancer may spread deeper into the lip, or it may spread to other areas of the body (metastasize).

  2. 2
    WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF LIP CANCER?

    The cause of this condition is not known.

  3. 3
    WHAT INCREASES THE RISK OF LIP CANCER?

    This condition is more likely to develop in:

    • People who use tobacco products, such as cigarettes, chewing tobacco, and e-cigarettes. Tobacco use is the number-one risk factor of cancer of the lip.
    • Men.
    • People who:
      • Are over age 50.
      • Drink alcohol excessively. People who use both tobacco and alcohol are at an even higher risk.
      • Have HPV (human papillomavirus) infection.
      • Do not brush or floss their teeth regularly.
      • Are frequently exposed to sunlight or fake (artificial) sunlight, such as in a tanning bed.
  4. 4
    WHAT ARE THE SIGNS OR SYMPTOMS OF LIP CANCER?

    Symptoms of this condition may include:

    • A lump or open sore (ulcer) on the lip that does not heal. This is the most common symptom.
    • Bleeding from the lip.
    • Pain or numbness in the lip.
    • Drooling while taking a drink.
    • A lump on the neck.
    • In some cases, this condition causes no symptoms, and it may be found during a regular dental exam.
  5. 5
    HOW IS LIP CANCER DIAGNOSED?

    This condition may be diagnosed based on:

    • A physical exam of your lips, mouth, and neck. To look at the inside of your mouth and your throat, your health care provider may use a thin, long-handled mirror or a thin, flexible tube that has a light and a camera at the end (fiberscope).
    • Removal and exam of a small number of cells (biopsy) from your lip, your mouth, or a lump on your neck. The cells are checked under a microscope for cancerous formations.
    • Blood tests. These tests may include a complete blood count, an electrolytes test, and tests of your kidney and liver function.
      Imaging exams of your lip, mouth, and body, such as:

      • X-rays.
      • CT scan.
      • PET scan.
      • MRI.
      • Bone scan.

    If cancer of the lip is confirmed, it will be staged to determine its severity and extent. Staging is an assessment of:

    • The size of the tumour.
    • Whether the cancer has spread.
    • Where the cancer has spread.

    The stages of cancer of the lip are as follows:

    • Stage 0, carcinoma in situ (CIS). In this stage, abnormal cells that could become cancerous have been found on your lip.
    • Stage I. Cancer is the size of a peanut or smaller. It has not metastasized.
    • Stage II. Cancer is larger than a peanut but not larger than a walnut. It has not metastasized.
    • Stage III. Cancer has grown larger than a walnut. It may have spread to a lymph node on the same side of your neck as the cancer. Lymph nodes are part of your body’s disease-fighting (immune) system. Lymph nodes are found in many locations in your body, including the neck, underarm, and groin.
    • Stage IV. This stage is divided into three sub-stages, IVA, IVB, and IVC. Cancer has spread to nearby areas. It may have spread heavily into your lymph nodes or metastasized to other parts of your body.

    Cancer may return (recur) after initial treatment (recurrent cancer). Recurrent cancer can occur in the same location or in another part of the body.

  6. 6
    HOW IS LIP CANCER TREATED?

    Treatment for this condition depends on the stage of the cancer. Treatment options may include one or more of the following:

    • Surgery. This removes as much of the cancer as possible.
    • Surgery for stage I and stage II lip cancer will not change the appearance or function of your lip very much.
    • Surgery for stage III or stage IV cancers may change the appearance and function of your lip.
      • Chemotherapy. This uses medicines to kill the cancer cells.
      • Radiation therapy. This uses high-energy rays to kill the cancer cells.
      • Targeted drug therapy. This uses medicines that block cancer from growing and spreading.

    A combination of radiation, chemotherapy, targeted drug therapy and surgery may be used for stage III, stage IV, and recurrent cancers.

    Follow these instructions at home regarding lip cancer:

    Medicines

    • Take over-the-counter and prescription medicines only as told by your health care provider.
    • Do not drive or operate heavy machinery while taking prescription pain medicine.

    General instructions regarding lip cancer

    • Return to your normal activities as told by your health care provider. Ask your health care provider what activities are safe for you.
    • Work with your health care provider to manage side effects of treatment.
    • Maintain a healthy diet.
    • Do not use any tobacco products, such as cigarettes, chewing tobacco, and e-cigarettes. If you need help quitting, ask your health care provider.
    • Do not use alcohol.
    • Keep all follow-up visits as told by your health care provider. This is important.

    Contact a health care provider regarding  lip cancer if:

    • You have pain that does not get better with medicine or gets worse.
    • You have bleeding from your lip or mouth.
    • Your lip is numb.
    • You have swelling in your lip, mouth, or neck.
    • You have difficulty swallowing.
    • You develop new symptoms.

    Get help right away if:

    • You have severe pain in your lip, neck, or mouth.
    • You have difficulty breathing.
  7. 7
    PERSONALISED CANCER SCREENING CONSULTATION

    A personalised cancer screening consultation is a meeting with a qualified consultant medical doctor to explain to you what does cancer screening mean and facilitate your understanding for the genomic and diagnostic tests that are that can help you to achieve your cancer screening and prevention objectives.

    Your consultant doctor will aim to answer all your questions regarding the cancer screening programmes and tests that could be beneficial for your overall health and wellbeing.

    It is recommended that you book a personalised cancer screening consultation with one of our recognised consultant medical doctors if you have a strong family history of cancer or you have one or more risk factors that may increase your risk of developing a specific type of cancer.

    If you are unable to attend to one of our outpatients’ clinics in London for your personalised cancer screening consultation, our consultant medical doctors can arrange to have your personalised cancer screening consultation by secure and encrypted voice conferencing or video conferencing, which can be done from the convenience of your home and using your smartphone.

£75.00

£75.000

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