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Hodgkin lymphoma, also called Hodgkin disease, is a cancer that happens when the white blood cells that make up your lymphatic system turn into cancer cells. Hodgkin lymphoma often affects the lymph nodes. It can spread from lymph node to lymph node and to areas of the body where there is lymph tissue, including to the centre of the bones (bone marrow). Advanced Hodgkin lymphoma can spread into blood vessels and be carried almost anywhere in your body.
The cause is not known.
You may be at higher risk for Hodgkin lymphoma if:
The first sign of Hodgkin lymphoma is often a painless swelling in a lymph node. The swelling may be felt in the neck, under the arm, or in the groin. Other signs and symptoms are:
Pain in the lymph nodes after drinking alcohol.
To make a diagnosis, your health care provider will ask about your symptoms and perform a physical exam. If you have an enlarged lymph node, your health care provider may order a test in which the lymph node or a piece of it is removed and studied under a microscope (biopsy). Your health care provider may also order tests to find out how advanced the cancer is and whether it has spread. You may have:
Your treatment will be depended on the type of cancer cells you have, the stage of your cancer, your age, and your overall health. Treatment usually starts with one of the following:
If chemotherapy and radiation therapy are not completely successful, you may have treatment with:
Follow these instructions at home regarding Hodgkin lymphoma:
Contact a health care provider regarding Hodgkin lymphoma if:
Get help right away if:
A personalised cancer screening consultation is a meeting with a qualified consultant medical doctor to explain to you what does cancer screening mean and facilitate your understanding for the genomic and diagnostic tests that are that can help you to achieve your cancer screening and prevention objectives.
Your consultant doctor will aim to answer all your questions regarding the cancer screening programmes and tests that could be beneficial for your overall health and wellbeing.
It is recommended that you book a personalised cancer screening consultation with one of our recognised consultant medical doctors if you have a strong family history of cancer or you have one or more risk factors that may increase your risk of developing a specific type of cancer.
If you are unable to attend to one of our outpatients’ clinics in London for your personalised cancer screening consultation, our consultant medical doctors can arrange to have your personalised cancer screening consultation by secure and encrypted voice conferencing or video conferencing, which can be done from the convenience of your home and using your smartphone.