Hydroxyzine

Hydroxyzine

Properties

This medicine contains hydroxyzine as active ingredient. It is an psychoactive drug that has a specific effect on certain areas of the brain. This medicine is an antihistamine with antianxiety,  muscle-relaxing, antiemetic (antivomiting), bronchial-dilating, pain-relieving, and antispasmodic properties. This medicines had been used to treat a variety of problems including stress related to dental or other minor surgical procedures, acute emotional problems, and behavioral difficulties in children.

Prescribed for

This medicine is prescribed for:

•   Nausea

•   Vomiting

•   Anxiety disorder

•   Tension

•   Agitation

•   Sedation

Before using this medicine

Before you use this medicine check with your doctor, or  pharmacist:

•    if you ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any psychoactive drug;

•   if you are allergic to any medicines, foods or other substances;

•    if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant while using this medicine; high doses of this medicine have caused birth defects in newborns whose mothers took this medicine during pregnancy; women who are or might be pregnant should not take this medicine unless its possible benefits have been carefully weighted against its risks;

•    if you are breast-feeding an infant; this medicine passes into breast milk. Nursing mothers who must take this drug should consider using infant formula;

•   if you have kidney or liver disease.

Treatment

The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your doctor uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your doctor may  prescribe a different regime.

Adults:the recommended dose is 25-100 mg 3-4 times a day for anxiety and allergic reactions; 50-100 mg for sedation.

Children (age 6 and over):the recommended dose is 50-100 mg 3-4 times a day for anxiety and allergic reactions; 0.3 mg per lb. of body weight for sedation.

Children (under age 6):the recommended dose is 50 mg 3-4 times a day for anxiety and allergic reactions; 0.3 mg per lb. of body weight for sedation.

Seniors retain almost twice as much of this medicine as younger adults and should use the lowest effective dose.

If you forget a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you forgot and continue with your regular schedule. Do not take a double  dose.

Warnings and Cautions

•    Changes in heart rhythm have occurred in people taking this drug to relieve anxiety.

•    People with porphyria should not take this medicine, because it may worsen the condition.

•    Because this medicine controls nausea and vomiting, it may hide the symptoms of appendicitis or overdoses of other drugs.

•   The dry mouth associated with this medicine may increase your risk of dental cavities and decay. Pay attention to dental hygiene while taking this drug.

•    Call your doctor if you develop a drug-sensitive reaction to this medicine (symptoms include wheezing, chest tightness, and breathing difficulties).

Side Effects

Along with the needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Possible side effects include:

Dry mouth

Drowsiness

Tremors

Fatigue

Sedation

Sleepiness

Driving or Hazardous Work

Do not drive until you learn how the medicine affects you. Do not work around dangerous machinery. Do not climb ladders or work in high places. Danger increases if you drink alcohol or take medicines affecting alertness and reflexes.

Interactions

•    This medicine should not be taken with a monoamine oxidase inhibitor antidepressant.

•    This medicine depresses the nervous system, producing drowsiness and sleepiness.

•   Do not take this medicine with alcohol, sedatives, or other antihistamines or central nervous system depressants. When this medicine is taken with one of these drugs, the dose of the latter should be cut in half.

Overdosage

The most common sign of overdose is sleepiness. Overdose victims should be taken to a hospital emergency room for treatment.

Storage

The tablets should be stored at room temperature. Keep out of reach of children, since this medicine may be dangerous to  children.

KNOWLEDGE BASE
About Genomic Medicine UK

Genomic Medicine UK is the home of comprehensive genomic testing in London. Our consultant medical doctors work tirelessly to provide the highest standards of medical laboratory testing for personalised medical treatments, genomic risk assessments for common diseases and genomic risk assessment for cancers at an affordable cost for everybody. We use state-of-the-art modern technologies of next-generation sequencing and DNA chip microarray to provide all of our patients and partner doctors with a reliable, evidence-based, thorough and valuable medical service.

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