This medicine contains as active ingredient diazepam, a benzodiazepine preparation. Benzodiazepines belong to the group of psychoactive medicines that influence the activity of the brain. Some are used to relieve nervousness or tension. It is effective for this purpose for short periods.
The drug is prescribed for:
• Anxiety-related insomnia
• Muscle spasms
• Alcohol withdrawal syndrome
• Epileptic fits (seizures).
Before using this medicine
Before you use this medicine check with your doctor:
• if you ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to benzodiazepines.
• if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant while using this medicine. Some benzodiazepines have been reported to increase the chance of birth defects when used during the first 3 months of pregnancy.
• if you are breast-feeding an infant. Benzodiazepines may pass into the breast milk and cause drowsiness, unusually slow heartbeat, shortness of breath, or troubled breathing in infants of mothers taking this medicine.
• if you have any of the following medical problems: asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, or other chronic lung disease; epilepsy or history of convulsions; hyperactivity (in children); kidney or liver disease; mental depression or illness; myasthania gravis.
• This medication is used to relieve or prevent the symptoms of your medical problem. Take them as directed. Do not take more of them and do not take them more often than recommended on the label, unless otherwise directed by your doctor.
• Usual dosage: The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your doctor uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your doctor may prescribe a different regime. The usual dosage for adults is 2- 40 mg a day. Dosage must be adjusted to individual response for maximum effect. In seniors less of the drug is usually required to control tension and anxiety.
Warnings and Cautions
• Benzodiazepine drugs can be abused if taken for long periods of time and it is possible to develop withdrawal symptoms if you discontinue the therapy abruptly.
• Conditions in which this medicine should be avoided are: narrow-angle glaucoma, severe depression, severe lung disease, sleep apnea, liver disease, drunkenness, and kidney disease.
Along with the needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Minor side effects are: bitter taste in the mouth, dizziness, drowsiness, depression, constipation, dry mouth, excessive salivation, fatigue, flushing, headache, heartburn, loss of appetite, nausea, nervousness, sweating or vomiting. As your body adjusts to the medicine, these side effects should disappear.
• Tell your doctor about any side effects that are persistent or particularly bothersome. It is especially important to tell your doctor about:
Blurred or double vision
Difficulty in urinating
Fainting or falling
Fever or hallucinations
Shortness of breath
Symptoms of overdose are: drowsiness, tremor, stupor, coma. Apply, if necessary, cardiac massage and mouth-to-mouth breathing.
This medicine may interact with several other drugs. This medicine will add to the effects of alcohol, and CNS depressants.
• Be sure to tell your doctor about any medications you are currently taking.
Driving or Hazardous Work
Do not drive until you learn how the medicine affects you. Do not work around dangerous machinery. Do not climb ladders or work in high places. Danger increases if you drink alcohol.
Store at room temperature in tightly closed, light-resistant containers. Keep out of the reach of children since overdose may be especially dangerous in children.