Buspirone

Buspirone

Properties

This medicine contains buspirone as active ingredient. This medicine has a potent antianxiety effect. It is approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) for short-term relief of anxiety, but it may apparently be used safely for more than 4 weeks.

The exact way in which this medicine works is not known, but it seems to lack the addiction dangers associated with other antianxiety drugs. It  neither severely depresses the nervous system nor acts as a anticonvulsant or muscle relaxant, as other antianxiety drugs do. Minor improvement will be apparent after only 7-10 days of drug treatment, but the maximum effect does not occur for 3 or 4 weeks.

Prescribed for

This medicine is prescribed for:

  • Anxiety disorder
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Premenstrual syndrome

Before using this medicine

Before you use this medicine check with your doctor, or  pharmacist:

  • if you ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any psychoactive drug;
  • if you are allergic to any medicines, foods or other substances;
  • if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant while using this medicine (animal studies have shown toxic effects to developing fetuses);
  • if you are breast-feeding an infant;
  • if you have kidney or liver disease.

Treatment

  • This medication is used for treatment of certain types of mental disorders, and panic disorders.
  • Usual dosage: The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your doctor Depending on your condition and medical history, your doctor may prescribe a different regime. The recommended starting dose for adults is 7.5 mg a day. Depending on your response to this drug, your doses may be increased in 50 milligrams a day.
  • If you forget a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you forgot and go back to your regular Do not take a double dose.
  • For safe and effective use of medicine: Follow your doctor’s instructions if this medicine was prescribed.

Side Effects

Along with the needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Possible side effects include:

  • Headache
  • Nervousness
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Lightheadedness
  • Excitement
  • Dry mouth
  • Insomnia
  • Heart palpitations
  • Muscle aches
  • Tremors
  • Rash
  • Sweating
  • Clamminess
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Anger or hostility
  • Depression
  • Loss of interest
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Vomiting
  • Blurred vision

Cautions and Warnings

  • This medicine should be used cautiously by people with liver or kidney disease.
  • This medicine does not have any antipsychotic effect and should not be taken for symptoms of psychosis.
  • The medicine should not be used with monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAO) antidepressants.
  • Contact your doctor if you become restless, develop uncontrolled or repeated movements of the head, face, or neck, or have any intolerable side effects.

Driving or Hazardous Work

Do not drive until you learn how the medicine affects you. Do not work around dangerous machinery. Do not climb ladders or work in high places. Danger increases if you drink alcohol or take medicines affecting alertness and reflexes.

Overdosage

The following symptoms may be a sign of overdose:

  • Vomiting
  • Severe drowsiness
  • Nausea
  • Pinpointed pupils
  • Upset stomach

Call a doctor or hospital emergency room for instructions. If necessary, give first aid immediately.

Interactions

The effect of this medicine may be increased by other antidepressants. Lithium, may increase the occurrence of side effects. Anticoagulants may cause an increase in anticoagulation. Alcohol will sometimes augment  the depression.

  • Be sure to tell your doctor about any medications you are currently taking.

Storage

The tablets should be stored at room temperature; store away from heat and direct light. Keep out of reach of children, since this medicine may be dangerous to children.

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